Treatment for Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease or gum disease is a very common disease. However, you need not worry if you have received a periodontal disease diagnosis because every NoFrills Dental practice has a team of experts who have over the years successfully treated the disease.
Fact: More than 50% of patients have periodontal disease and most of them are not even aware they are suffering from this disease.
Periodontal treatment procedures are recommended depending on the periodontal disease type and its severity. In case the gum disease is detected during its early stages (that is the gingivitis stage) when supporting structures beneath the teeth have not been damaged then all you may need is professional cleaning. Your dental team may then advise you on the daily routines you can practice so as to improve your oral health.
Sometimes professional cleaning is not effective and the periodontal disease worsens. Usually the first prescription to severe periodontal disease is deep cleaning that involves root planing and scaling. During this procedure, infections and deposits are removed from the roots of teeth and the gums. You may have to undergo this treatment procedure over multiple visits based on your dental requirements.
Some medications may also be recommended to you by your dentist to control the infection, minimize pain or assist in the healing process. Medication can be in the form of a pill, mouthwash or sometimes after root planing and scaling your dentist may place some medicine inside the periodontal pockets.
It is recommended that you avoid chewing or smoking tobacco. In case you are a tobacco user, talk to your dentist about it so that you can be advised on how to quit.
Your next visit to the dentist will be arranged and it could to happen in a couple months or even weeks after the last time you have undergone root planing and scaling procedures. During the visit, your gums will be examined and periodontal sockets measured. Essentially your dentist will examine your gums’ healing progress and in the case where periodontal sockets have deepened further and damaged your gums’ supporting bones then you will require more treatment.
In case periodontal pockets fail to heal even after root planing and scaling procedures then it may be necessary for you to undergo periodontal surgery. During periodontal surgery, the dentist is able to get rid of plaque and tartar found in areas that could not be reached during deep cleaning. After surgery, gums get stitched back so that they hold the teeth firmly. Additionally surgery reduces the depth of pockets hence making it easy to maintain oral hygiene.
In case periodontal disease damages the supporting bone structure then this bones could be rebuilt or reshaped through surgery. Appliances such as splints and bite guards may be utilized to support loose teeth and assist gum tissues heal faster. In case there has been excessive loss of bone or gum tissue, the solution would be bone or gum grafting.
Sometimes guided tissue regeneration may be employed where after surgery the dentist puts a layer of membrane in the area where surgical incision was done to keep the gums in their correct position as the root of the tooth gets slowly reattached back to supporting structure. Also, the dentist can apply some protective covering on the gums and teeth after surgery. Your dentist may also recommend a special mouthwash, pain reliever and antibiotic
The dentist may place a membrane layer at the surgical area to help the gums stay in place while the tooth root reattaches to the supporting ligament. This is called “guided tissue regeneration.” After surgery, the dentist may apply a protective dressing over teeth and gums and recommend or prescribe a special mouthrinse. Your dentist also may prescribe an antibiotic and pain reliever.
Diseased tissue is removed from the pocket. In some cases, the bone may be reshaped.
Grafting material is placed over the bone. A membrane covers the grating material.
Oral Hygiene at Home
It is important for you to maintain an oral hygiene routine at home to prevent worsening or recurrence of periodontal disease. Proper cleaning minimizes the accumulation of tartar and controls plaque.
• Brushing your teeth at least two times every day using fluoridated toothpaste.
• Flossing your teeth at least once every day or you can also use any other method to clean between your teeth.
Do not allow periodontal disease to destroy your teeth. Simply practice brushing and cleaning between teeth, eat healthy food and make regular visits to your dentist. This way you will enjoy healthy smiles all your life.
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